Table of Contents
Who is Angela Merkel?
Angela Dorothea Merkel is a German politician who has been Federal Chancellor since 2005. She was born on July 17, 1954. From 2002 to 2005, she was the leader of the opposition and from 2000 to 2018 president of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Merkel is the first German Chancellor to be a member of the Christian Democratic Union.
Angela Merkel Graduation
She received her Ph.D. in quantum chemistry in 1986 and worked as a research assistant until 1989. After German reunification in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag for the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
Angela Merkel Height and Weight
She is 1.65 m tall, and she weighs 65 kg with her blue eye and light brown hairstyle.
Angela Merkel Net Worth
Angela Merkel Net Worth is estimated to be about $2.5 million. Her primary source of income is her profession in politics.
German Prime Minister Angela Merkel Childhood and Family
Merkel is of German and Polish descent. Her paternal grandfather Ludwik Kasner was a German policeman of Polish descent who had participated in Poland’s struggle for independence in the early 20th century.
He married Merkel’s grandmother Margarethe a German from Berlin, and moved to her hometown where she worked for the police. Since the mid-1990s, Merkel has publicly mentioned her Polish heritage several times and calls herself a quarter of Polish women, but her Polish roots became more known through a 2013 biography.
Merkel’s paternal grandfather was originally Catholic, but the whole family converted to Lutheranism during the childhood of her father, who later studied Lutheran theology in Heidelberg and Hamburg.
In 1954 when Angela was just three months old, her father received a pastorate at the Quitzow church, which was then in East Germany. The family moved to Templin, and Merkel grew up in the country 90 km north of East Berlin.
However, he did not participate in the consecration ceremony for secular youth customary in East Germany. Instead, it was confirmed.
During this time, he took several compulsory courses on Marxism-Leninism, and her qualifications were only considered sufficient. Merkel later said that life in the GDR was sometimes almost pleasant because some things just couldn’t be influenced.
Angela Merkel Education and Academic Career
She was top of her math and Russian class and graduated with the best possible average high school diploma grade of 1.0. Towards the end of her studies, Merkel was seeking an assistant professorship at an engineering school.
As a prerequisite for obtaining the position, Merkel was told that she would have to agree to inform the State Security Secretariat (Stasi) officials about her colleagues. Merkel refused with the excuse that she couldn’t keep secrets well enough to be a useful spy.
Angela Merkel as an FDJ Secretariat
Merkel worked and studied from 1978 to 1990 at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof. At first, she and her husband crouched in the middle.
At the Academy of Sciences, he became a member of the FDJ secretariat. She said: I can only trust my memory if something turns out to be different, I can live with it.
After completing her doctorate in 1986 for her doctoral thesis on quantum chemistry, she worked as a researcher and published several articles. In 1986 he was able to travel freely to West Germany to attend a congress; He also participated in a language course that lasted for several weeks in Donetsk, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Angela Merkel Early Political career
The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 sparked Merkel’s political career. Although she did not participate in the mass celebrations the night the wall fell a month later, Merkel became involved in the growing democracy movement and joined the new Democratic Awakening party.
Angela Merkel in multi-party Election
After the first multi-party elections in East Germany, she became deputy spokesperson for the new government before unification under Lothar de Maizière.
Merkel had impressed de Maiziere with her deft handling of journalists who questioned the role of party chairman Wolfgang Schnur as an informal employee of the national security services.
Angela Merkel in CDU for Minister of Women
In the 1990 federal elections, which took place for the first time after reunification Merkel successfully ran for the Bundestag elections in the electoral district of Stralsund – Northern Pomerania – Rügen in Northern Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
He has won reelection for this constituency in the seven federal elections since then (renamed Vorpommern-Greifswald I in 2003 with slightly adjusted borders). Almost immediately after taking office, Merkel was appointed Minister for Women and Youth in the Federal Cabinet by Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
28 Things are Here Revealed About Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Angela Merkel as Minister of the Environment
After the Kohl government’s defeat in the 1998 elections, Merkel was appointed general secretary of the CDU, a key position since the party was no longer part of the federal government. In 1999 Merkel oversaw a series of electoral victories for the CDU in six of the seven state elections, thus breaking the long-standing influence of the SPD Greens in the Federal Council.
After a party funding scandal that put many prominent CDU figures in jeopardy, including Kohl himself and her successor as CDU leader Wolfgang Schäuble Merkel, she publicly criticized her former mentor and called for a fresh start party without him.
Angela Merkel as a President of the CDU
She was later elected to succeed Schäuble, and on April 10, 2000, she became the first female leader of a German party. Her choice surprised many observers as her personality contrasted with the party for which she was elected.
Angela Merkel as a Leader of the Opposition
After Sobers’ defeat in 2002, Merkel became an opposition leader in the Bundestag and her role as leader of the CDU. Friedrich Merz, who held office before the 2002 elections, was exonerated to make room for Merkel. Stoiber voted for Merkel.
Merkel supported a comprehensive reform agenda for the German economic and social system and was considered more market-friendly than her party (CDU). He advocated for changes in German labor law, particularly the removal of barriers to firing workers and an increase in the number of hours allowed per week.
She argued that existing laws made the country less competitive because companies couldn’t easily control labor costs when business was slow.
Merkel argued that Germany should phase out nuclear power less quickly than the Schröder government had planned.
Merkel advocated a strong transatlantic partnership and a German-American friendship. In the spring of 2003, Merkel came out in favor of the US invasion of Iraq despite strong public opposition, described it as inevitable, and accused Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of anti-Americanism.
He criticized governments’ support for Turkey’s accession to the European Union and called for a privileged partnership. He reflected on public opinion that was most hostile to Turkish membership in the European Union.
Angela Merkel in National Elections
On May 30, 2005, Merkel won the CDU / CSU nomination as a rival to Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of the SPD in the 2005 national elections. Her party started the campaign with a 21-point advantage over the SPD in US polls. National opinion, although his popularity lagged behind that of the headline.
Merkel and the CDU lost ground after Kirchhof proposed introducing a single tax in Germany, which in turn undermined the party’s overall economic appeal and convinced many voters that the CDU’s deregulation platform should only benefit the rich.
Also, Merkel proposed to increase VAT to reduce the German deficit and close the revenue gap from a flat-rate tax. The SPD was able to increase its support by promising not to introduce flat taxes or increase the sales tax.
Angela Merkel Domestic Policies
The concept that we are now living next to each other, and we are happy that it does not work, and we feel connected to the Christian concept of humanity that defines us. He went on to say that immigrants must integrate and embrace Germany’s culture and values.
This has contributed to a growing debate within Germany about the level of immigration, its impact on Germany, and the degree of integration of Muslim immigrants into German society.
Angela Merkel Foreign Policy
With Stephen Harper’s absence in 2015, Merkel was the only leader to attend all G20 meetings since the first meeting in 2008, having participated in a record fourteen summits in 2019. She hosted the twelfth meeting at the G20 conference. G20 in Hamburg in 2017.
On October 29, 2018, Merkel announced that she would not seek reelection as president of the CDU at her party’s congress in December 2018 but would remain as Chancellor until the 2021 federal elections. She said that afterward, she would no longer seek political office.
The resignation followed setbacks in October by the CSU in the Bavarian state elections and by the CDU in Hesse’s state elections. In August 2019, Merkel indicated that she could return to academia at the end of her term in 2021.
He decided not to propose to anyone to succeed the CDU. Yet, for a long time, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer had been viewed by political observers as Markel’s protege poised for her successor.
This view was confirmed when Kramp-Karrenbauer, widely regarded as the Chancellor’s favorite for the position, was elected Merkel’s successor as CDU chairman in December 2018. The party neither confirmed nor denied the possibility.
In February 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer announced that she would resign as party leader of the CDU in the summer after party members in Thuringia challenged her by voting with Alternative for Germany to endorse an FDP candidate prime minister.
Angela Merkel Awards and Achievements
1. In 2007, Merkel received an honorary doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
2. In June 2008, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Leipzig.
3. Technical University in Wrocław (Poland) in September 2008 and Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca Romania on October 12, 2010, for their historic contribution to European unification and their global role in the renewal of international cooperation.
4. On May 23, 2013, he received an honorary doctorate from Radboud University Nijmegen.
5. In November 2013, he obtained an honorary doctorate (Honoris Causa) from the University of Szeged.
6. In September 2015, she received Doctor Honoris Causa’s title from the University of Bern.
7. In January 2017, the University of Ghent and the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven jointly awarded him Doctor Honoris Causa’s title.
8. In May 2019, Merkel received an honorary doctorate from Harvard University.
Angela Merkel in the European Union
In foreign policy, Merkel emphasized international cooperation both in the European Union and NATO and on strengthening transatlantic economic relations.
In 2008 he negotiated a stimulus package that focused on infrastructure spending and public investment to counter the Great Recession. In terms of national policy, Merkel’s Energiewende has focused on future energy developments and has sought to phase out nuclear power in Germany, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase renewable energy sources.
Reforms by the Bundeswehr that abolished conscription health care reform and, more recently, their governments’ response to the 2010 migration crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany were important topics during his chancellorship. She has been a senior leader of the G7 since 2014 and previously from 2011 to 2012. In 2014 she was the head of government with the most extended service in the European Union.
In October 2018, Merkel announced that she would resign as president of the CDU at the party congress and would not seek a fifth term as Chancellor in 2021.
Angela Merkel Married Life
In 1977 at the age of 23, Merkel married Angela Kasner, the physics student Ulrich Merkel (born 1953), and took her last name. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982.
Her second and current husband is quantum chemist and professor Joachim Sauer who has largely stayed out of the media spotlight. They met in 1981, then became a couple and were married privately on December 30, 1998. He has no children, but Sauer has two grown children from a previous marriage.
Merkel is an avid soccer fan and is known for listening to Bundestag matches and participating in national team matches in her official capacity. Merkel stated that her favorite movie is The Legend of Paul and Paula, an East German film released in 1973.
Merkel is afraid of dogs after being attacked by one in 1995. Vladimir Putin, who commemorates Germany’s first chancellor Otto von Bismarck and his Reich dogs, brought her Labrador retriever during a press conference in 2007.
Putin claims that he did not mean this to scare her, although Merkel later commented I understand why he has to do this to prove that he is a man. He is afraid of her weakness.
Since 2017 Merkel has been seen and filmed on several public occasions to shake and recover shortly after visibly. After one such opportunity, she attributed the tremor to dehydration and said she felt better after taking a sip of water.
After three times this happened in June 2019, she sat down during the national anthems’ performances during the state visits of Mette Frederiksen and Maia Sandu the following month.
Angela Merkel Religion
The EKBO is a church of the Union of Evangelical Churches. Before the Evangelical Church merger in Berlin-Brandenburg and the Evangelical Church in Upper Lusatia in Silesia (both also part of the EKD) in 2004, it belonged to the former.
In 2012 Merkel said of her faith: I am a member of the Protestant Church. I believe in God, and religion is also my constant companion and has been throughout my life.
Above all, we as Christians should not be afraid to defend our faith. He also publicly declared that Germany did not suffer from too much Islam but too little Christianity.
Angela Merkel Judgments in Politics
Merkel, a center-right politician who is also a scientist, has been compared by many in the English press to former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (Thatcher also graduated from Oxford University in chemistry).
Some have referred to her as Iron Lady Iron Girl and even The Iron Woman, alluding to Thatcher, who was nicknamed The Iron Lady. Political commentators have debated how similar their agendas are. Later in her tenure, Merkel was nicknamed Mutti (a mother form known in Germany). About Otto von Bismarck, she was also called the Iron Chancellor.
Merkel is not only the first German Chancellor to grow up in the GDR (although she was born in the West) and the youngest German Chancellor since World War II; she is also the first after World War II and the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic. With scientific training.
During her physics studies, her predecessors studied law, economics, and history, among other things.
Angela Merkel Controversy
Merkel was criticized for being there in person and for being involved in presenting the M100 Media Award to Danish cartoonist Kurt Westergaard who had sparked the controversy surrounding the Muhammad cartoons.
This came at a time of intense emotional debate in Germany over a book by former Deutsche Bundesbank Berlin chief and financial senator Thilo Sarrazin criticizing Muslim immigration. At the same time, he condemned the planned burning of the Koran by a pastor in Florida.
The Central Council of Muslims in Germany and the Left Party (Die Linke), and the German Green Party criticized the actions of the center-right Chancellor. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung wrote: This will probably be the most explosive moment of your chancery so far.
Others have praised Merkel, calling her a bold and courageous step toward free speech.
Angela Merkel debate with Arab
Merkel’s position on Thilo Sarrazin’s negative statements about integration problems with the Arab and Turkish population in Germany was consistently critical. According to her statements, Sarrazin’s approach is completely unacceptable and counterproductive to current integration problems.
The term Angela Merkel frequently uses to describe her measures to tackle the European sovereign debt crisis was named Unword of the Year 2010 by a jury of linguists. The wording was criticized for being undemocratic as a discussion of Merkel’s policy would be considered unnecessary or undesirable.
The expression is named after the political party Alternative für Deutschland founded in 2013.
In July 2013, Merkel defended the National Security Agency’s surveillance practices and called the United States our faithful ally for decades. During a visit by US President Barack Obama to Berlin on June 19, 2013, Merkel said about mass surveillance revelations in 2013.
Merkel compared the NSA to the Stasi when it became known that this agency had tapped her cell phone. In response, Susan Rice promised that the United States would refrain from spying on her but said there would be no espionage agreement between them.
In July 2014, Merkel said that trust between Germany and the United States could only be restored through talks between the two and seek talks. He stated that the United States remains Germany’s most important ally.
Her statement that Islam is part of Germany during a state visit by Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu in January 2015 drew criticism from her party. The parliamentary group leader Volker Kauder said that Islam is not part of Germany and that Muslims should think about why so many violent people refer to the Quran.
Angela Merkel as a leader of CSU
In October 2015, Horst Seehofer, Prime Minister of Bavaria and leader of the CSU, criticized Merkel’s policy of accepting hundreds of thousands of immigrants from the Middle East. Due to a German decision, we were now in a no-rule state of mind without a system or order. Many MPs from Merkel’s CDU party also expressed dissatisfaction with Merkel.
Chancellor Merkel insisted that Germany had the economic strength to cope with the influx of immigrants and reiterated that there is no legal limit to the number of immigrants Germany can accept.
At the end of the Group of Seven in Sicily in May 2017, Merkel criticized US efforts to renounce previous climate change commitments. According to Merkel, the discussions were difficult and characterized by differences of opinion. Here we have the situation that six members, or even seven if you want to add the EU, are against one.
Merkel has been criticized for not hitting the People’s Republic of China hard. The Asia Times reported that unlike some of its European counterparts, its Chinese diplomacy has focused on non-interference in Beijing’s internal affairs.
Merkel was reportedly angry when her Foreign Minister Heiko Maas hosted Hong Kong dissident Joshua Wong in Berlin in September , a move that Beijing publicly protested.
Angela Merkel Acts in a Media
Since 1991 Merkel has been sitting and interviewing Herlinda Koelbl for seated and standing portraits.
Merkel was portrayed in 2012 by Swiss actress Anna Katarina in the satirical political film The Dictator.
Merkel plays the main character in two of the three works that make up British playwright Nick Awde’s European trilogy: Bruges (Edinburgh Festival 2014) and Tervuren (2016). Merkel’s character, accompanied by a friend named Schäuble, also appears as a mysterious female henchman in Michael Paraskoss’s novel In Search of Sixpence.
On the British comedy show, Tracey Ullman comedian Tracey Ullman parodied Merkel to international applause, with German media calling her impersonation the best Merkel parody in the world.
In 2016 Broadview TV and MDR, in collaboration with Arte and Das Erste, produced a documentary, Angela Merkel – The Unexpected, a story about her unexpected rise from East German physics to the most powerful woman in the world.
Some other important facts about Angela Merkel
1. In 2006, Merkel received the Vision for Europe award to contribute to more robust European integration.
2. In 2008, he received the Charlemagne Prize for her outstanding service to European unity.
3. In March 2008, he received the Bnai Brith Europe Award of Merit.
4. Merkel topped Forbes magazine’s list of the 100 most powerful women globally in 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019.
5. In 2010, the new statesman named Merkel, one of the 50 most influential personalities in the world.
6. On September 21, 2010, Merkel was awarded the Leo Baeck Medal by the Leo Baeck Institute, a New York City research center dedicated to the history of German-speaking Jews. The medal was presented by former US Secretary of the Treasury and current director of the Berlin Jewish Museum W.
7. On May 31, 2011, she received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award from India’s Government for 2009. She received the award for international understanding.
8. In 2012, Merkel was ranked the second most powerful person in the world on Forbes’ list of the most powerful people in the world. This is the highest rank a woman has reached since the list began in 2009. In 2013 and 2014, she was fifth
9. On November 28, 2012, she received the Heinz Galinski Prize in Berlin.
10. India: Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2013)
11. In December 2015, she was named Person of the Year by Time magazine.
12. In May 2016, Merkel received the International Four Freedoms Award from the Roosevelt Foundation in Middelburg, the Netherlands.
13. In 2017, Merkel received the Elie Wiesel Award from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
14. In 2020, Merkel received the Henry A. Kissinger Prize from the American Academy in Berlin.