Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu: – Benjamin Netanyahu serves Israel as Prime Minister for two terms. He is a politician known for his rich political history. Besides being a politician, he also served in the Israel Defense Forces and fought many wars. Benjamin was born on October 21, 1949, in Tel Aviv, Israel. He is a current Prime Minister of Israel. He is also a writer, author, and leader of the Likud party.
He participated in various missions, including Operation Inferno, Operation Poison, and Operation Isotopes. He was also associated with the United Nations as an ambassador for Israel. As a child, he led a disciplined life that helped him become a successful warrior and astute politician.
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Benjamin Netanyahu family
His parents are Benzion Netanyahu and Zila Netanyahu. He has two brothers named Iddo Netanyahu and the late Yonatan Netanyahu. He married Miriam Weizmann in 1972 and together they had a daughter named Noa. However, the marriage ended in 1978. In 1981 he married Fleur Cates and divorced her in 1984. He later married Sara Ben-Artzi, the couple was blessed with two children named Yair and Avner.
Benjamin Netanyahu Height, Weight and Age
Benjamin is 178 cm tall and 5’10 in foot inches. He weighs 78 kg in kilograms or 172 pounds in pounds. His eyes are hazel green, and his hair color is white. He turned 70 in October 2019. His age growth does not reflect ageing, but his body resembles a politician.
Benjamin Netanyahu Fashion and Style
He served in the Israel Defense Forces for five years. He was part of the team that rescued a hijacked plane at the Tel Aviv airport in 1972. In 1976 he was appointed a managing advisor to the Boston Consulting Group in Massachusetts. He was elected deputy chief of mission at the Israeli embassy in Washington DC. In 1988, the Likud party elected Benjamin to the Knesset.
In 1996 he ran and was elected Prime Minister of Israel. He retired from politics in 1999. Later, in 2002, he decided to return to politics. He became Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2002 and Minister of Finance in 2003. In the banking system, he introduced many reforms and supported the liberalization of markets. After working in various ministries, he was elected Prime Minister of Israel in 2009. Also, in 2013 he won the elections and became Prime Minister.
Benjamin Netanyahu Early Education and Career
Between 1956 and 1958, and again from 1963 to 1967, his family lived in the United States in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, while his father Benzion Netanyahu taught at Dropsie College. Benjamin attended and graduated from Cheltenham High School and has been active in debate club, chess club, and soccer.
He and his brother Yonatan were dissatisfied with a perceived superficial way of life they encountered in the region, including the prevailing youth countercultural movement, the literary interpretation focused on individualized sentiments, and the liberal sensibilities synagogue, the Philadelphia Judean Temple. Visiting the family. To this day, he speaks fluent English with a heavy Philadelphia accent.
After graduating from high school in 1967, Netanyahu returned to Israel to report to the Israeli armed forces. He trained as a combat soldier and served for five years in an elite IDF unit, Sayeret Matkal. During the War of Attrition from 1967 to 1970, he participated in numerous cross-border raids and became the unit’s team leader.
He was wounded several times in combat. He participated in many other missions, including the Israeli incursion into Lebanon in 1968 and the rescue of the hijacked Sabena Flight 571 in May 1972, in which he was shot in the shoulder. He was released from active duty in 1972 but remained in the Sayeret Matkal reserves.
After his release, he left the country to study in the United States but returned in October 1973 to serve in the Yom Kippur War. He participated in special forces raids along the Suez Canal against Egyptian forces before leading a commando attack deep into Syrian territory, the details of which remain secret to this day.
In 1978, Netanyahu returned to Israel. Between 1978 and 1980 he headed the Jonathan Netanyahu Anti-Terror Institute, a non-governmental organization dedicated to investigating terrorism. The institute held a series of international conferences on the debate on international terrorism. From 1980 to 1982 he was Marketing Director for Rim Industries in Jerusalem.
During this time, Netanyahu made his first connections with several Israeli politicians, including Minister Moshe Arens. The latter appointed him deputy chief of mission at the Israeli embassy in Washington DC while Arens was ambassador to the United States, which he has held since 1982.
Benjamin Netanyahu as Likud President Position
Before the 1988 Israeli parliamentary elections, Netanyahu returned to Israel and joined the Likud party. In Likud’s internal elections, Netanyahu ranked fifth on the party’s list. He was later elected a Knesset member of the 12th Knesset and appointed Deputy Foreign Minister Moshe Arens and later David Levy. Netanyahu and Levy did not work together, and the rivalry between the two only escalated afterwards.
During the Gulf War in early 1991, the English-speaking Netanyahu appeared as Israel’s primary spokesperson in interviews with CNN media and other media outlets. During the 1991 Madrid conference, Netanyahu was a member of the Israeli delegation led by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. After the Madrid Conference, Netanyahu was appointed Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister’s Office.
After the Likud Party’s defeat in the 1992 Israeli general elections, the Likud Party held a primary in 1993 to elect its leader, and Netanyahu triumphed and defeated Benny Begin, son of the late Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and the veteran politician.
David Levy (Sharon initially sought the Likud Party’s leadership as well, but quickly withdrew when found to find minimal support). Shamir retired from politics shortly after the Likud was defeated in the 1992 elections.
Benjamin Netanyahu Experience in 1st prime minister
A series of suicide bombings reinforced Likud’s position on a security. Hamas assumed responsibility for most of the attacks. As Prime Minister, Netanyahu asked many questions about many of the key premises of the Oslo Accords. One of its main points was the disagreement with the Oslo premise that the negotiations should move forward gradually, meaning that concessions must be made to the Palestinians before reaching a solution on important issues such as the status of Jerusalem and changing the charter.
Oslo supporters had claimed that the tiered approach would strengthen the benevolence of the Palestinians and encourage them to seek reconciliation if these important issues were addressed at later stages.
Netanyahu said that these concessions only encouraged extremist elements without receiving any concrete gestures. He called for concrete gestures of Palestinian goodwill in exchange for Israeli concessions. Despite his stated differences with the Oslo Accords, Prime Minister Netanyahu continued to implement them, but his tenure saw a marked slowdown in the peace process.
Benjamin Netanyahu First meets with the Palestinian president.
Netanyahu met with Palestinian President Arafat for the first time on September 4, 1996. Before the meeting, the two guides spoke by phone. The meetings would continue until the fall of 1996.
In their first meeting, Netanyahu said: I want to emphasize that we must take into account the needs and requirements of both parties on a reciprocal basis and ensure the safety and well-being of both Israelis and Palestinians. Arafat said we do.
They are determined to work with Mr Netanyahu and his Government. The talks culminated on January 14, 1997, with the signing of the Hebron Protocol.
The signing of the Hebron Protocol with the Palestinian Authority resulted in the redeployment of Israeli forces in Hebron and the relocation of civil authorities in much of the area under the control of the Palestinian Authority.
Benjamin Netanyahu Operation of Mossad
In 1997, Netanyahu approved a Mossad operation to assassinate Hamas leader Khaled Mishal in Jordan, just three years after the two countries signed a peace treaty. The Mossad team, consisting of five Canadian tourists, entered Jordan on September 27, 1997, and injected poison into Mashal’s ears on the street in Amman.
The conspiracy was exposed, and the Jordanian police arrested two officers, while three others were hiding in the Israeli embassy, which was later surrounded by troops.
An angry King Hussein urged Israel to issue the antidote and threatened to revoke the peace treaty. Netanyahu gave in to US President Bill Clinton’s pressure and ordered the release of 61 Jordanian and Palestinian prisoners, including Sheikh Ahmad Yassin. The incident caused the collapse of the emerging Israeli-Jordanian relationship.
After Ehud Barak defeated Netanyahu in the 1999 prime ministerial elections, he temporarily retired from politics. He then worked for two years as a senior consultant at Israeli communications equipment manufacturer BATM Advanced Communications.
With the Barak government’s fall in late 2000, Netanyahu expressed his desire to return to politics. By law, Barak’s resignation should only result in elections for the post of prime minister. Netanyahu insisted that general elections be held, claiming that a stable government would be impossible otherwise.
Netanyahu ultimately decided not to run for the post of the prime minister, allowing for the surprising rise to power of Ariel Sharon, who was considered less popular than Netanyahu at the time.
In 2002, after the Israeli Labor Party left the coalition and stepped down as Foreign Minister, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon appointed Netanyahu as Foreign Minister. Netanyahu challenged Sharon to lead the Likud Party but failed to topple Sharon.
Benjamin Netanyahu as a Finance Minister
After the Israeli parliamentary elections in 2003, Sharon Silvan Shalom offered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Netanyahu the Treasury. Some experts speculated that Sharon took the move because he viewed Netanyahu as a political threat given his proven effectiveness as foreign minister. If he were transferred to the Treasury Department at a time of economic uncertainty, it could reduce Netanyahu’s popularity.
Netanyahu accepted the new date. Sharon and Netanyahu agreed that Netanyahu would have complete freedom as Secretary of the Treasury and that Sharon would support all of his reforms in exchange for Netanyahu’s silence on Sharon’s handling of Israeli military and foreign policy.
As finance minister, Netanyahu embarked on an economic plan to restore the Israeli economy from its lowest point during the Second Intifada. Netanyahu claimed that an inflated public sector and excessive regulation were largely responsible for slowing economic growth.
Benjamin Netanyahu Actions When Return to Likud leadership
After Sharon’s withdrawal from the Likud, Netanyahu was one of several candidates vying for the leadership of the Likud. His last attempt before that was in September 2005, when he tried to hold the first primaries for chairman of the Likud party while the party was prime minister, effectively removing Ariel Sharon from office.
The party rejected this initiative. Netanyahu took the lead on December 20, 2005, with 47% of the primary votes, 32% for Silvan Shalom and 15% for Moshe Feiglin. In the Knesset elections of March 2006, Likud ranked third behind Kadima and Labor, and Netanyahu was the leader of the opposition.
On August 14, 2007, Netanyahu was re-elected with 73% of the vote as Likud president and his candidate for the post of prime minister against far-right candidate Moshe Feiglin and World Likud president Danny Danon. He was like others in the Knesset’s opposition to the 2008 ceasefire between Israel and Hamas. In particular, Netanyahu said: This is not detente, it is an Israeli agreement to rearm Hamas.
Although the right-wing parties won a 65-seat majority in the Knesset, Netanyahu preferred a broader centrist coalition and turned to his Kadima rivals, led by Tzipi Livni, to join his Government. This time it was Livni’s turn to refuse to join, and disagreements on how to proceed with the peace process were the obstacle.
Netanyahu managed to persuade a smaller rival, the Labor Party, chaired by Ehud Barak, to join his Government, which gave it a certain centrist tone. Netanyahu presented his cabinet on March 31, 2009, for a vote of confidence in the Knesset. The 32nd Government was approved that day by a majority of 69 legislators to 45 (with five abstentions), and the members took office.
Benjamin Netanyahu Election time for 2nd Prime Minister Position
During President Obama’s speech in Cairo on June 4, 2009, in which Obama addressed the Muslim world, Obama declared that the United States does not accept the legitimacy of the continuation of Israeli settlements. After Obama’s speech in Cairo, Netanyahu immediately called a special government meeting.
On June 14, ten days after Obama’s speech in Cairo, Netanyahu delivered a speech at Bar Ilan University advocating a demilitarized Palestinian state but said that Jerusalem must remain the unified capital of Israel. Netanyahu said he would accept a Palestinian state if Jerusalem remained the united capital of Israel, the Palestinians did not have an army.
The Palestinians abandoned their demand for a right of return. He also argued the right to the natural growth of existing Jewish settlements in the West Bank, while their permanent status remains to be negotiated. Senior Palestinian official Sereb Ereket said the speech closed the door to negotiations on permanent status based on Netanyahu’s statements on Jerusalem, refugees and settlements.
Benjamin Netanyahu Efforts at the UN General Assembly
In August 2009, Abbas said he was ready to meet Prime Minister Netanyahu at the UN General Assembly, where Netanyahu had accepted President Obama’s invitation to a triple summit. However, that would not necessarily lead to negotiations.
Netanyahu was reported to be at a crucial time regarding these agreements, which were to include a pledge on permission to continue construction already approved in the West Bank in exchange for freezing all settlements after that and additional building in East Jerusalem.
There the demolition of houses of Arab residents stopped. On September 4, 2009, it was reported that Netanyahu should agree to the settlers’ political demands to approve more settlement construction before a temporary settlement freeze agreement is reached. On September 7, 2009, Netanyahu left his office without informing where he was going.
In March 2010, the Israeli Government approved the construction of 1,600 additional apartments in an extensive Jewish housing development in northeast Jerusalem called Ramat Shlomo, even though the current US administration is thwarting peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians.
The Israeli Government announced during a visit by US Vice President Joe Biden, and the US government subsequently strongly condemned the plan. Netanyahu later stated that all previous Israeli governments had continuously allowed construction in the neighbourhood.
Certain neighbourhoods like Ramat Shlomo and Gilo were always included as part of Israel in a final treaty plan proposed by both parties. Netanyahu regretted the announcement’s timing but claimed that our policy towards Jerusalem is the same policy that all Israeli governments have had for 42 years, and it has not changed.
Benjamin Netanyahu In the Obama Administration
In September 2010, Netanyahu agreed to hold direct talks negotiated by the Obama administration with the Palestinians for the first time in a long time.
These face-to-face talks’ ultimate goal is to create the framework for an official final status agreement for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by creating a two-state solution for the Jewish people and the Palestinian people.
On September 27, the settlement’s ten-month freeze ended, and the Israeli Government approved new construction in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.
When former US Defense Secretary Robert Gates resigned in July 2011, he said Netanyahu was ungrateful to the United States and put Israel in danger. In response, the Likud party defended Netanyahu, saying that most Israelis supported the prime minister and that he had widespread support in the United States.
Netanyahu unsuccessfully called for the early release of Jonathan Pollard, an American serving a life sentence for releasing secret American documents to Israel in 1987. He raised the issue at the 1998 Wye River Summit, where he claimed that US President Bill Clinton privately agreed to free Pollard. In 2002, Netanyahu visited Pollard in his North Carolina prison.
The Israeli prime minister kept in contact with Pollard’s wife and actively urged the Obama administration to release Pollard.
Benjamin Netanyahu Election Time in Third attempt
In December 2013, the Knesset passed the Business Concentration Law, which aims to open up Israel’s highly concentrated economy to competition to lower consumer prices, reduce income inequality, and increase economic growth. Netanyahu formed the Concentration Committee in 2010, and the bill, promoted by his Government, implemented his recommendations.
The new law prohibited multi-tiered corporate ownership structures. Family members of a CEO or other affiliates owned public corporations that owned other public corporations and could, therefore, discount prices.
The law prohibited companies from owning more than two tiers of publicly traded companies and holding both financial and non-financial companies. All conglomerates were given four to six years to sell the excess stakes.
Benjamin Netanyahu Fourth term as Prime minister
In the 2015 elections, Netanyahu returned with his Likud party, which led the elections with 30 seats, making it the largest Knesset seats. President Rivlin granted Netanyahu an extension until May 6, 2015, to form a coalition that had not yet been concluded in the first four weeks of negotiations.
He formed a coalition government within two hours of the midnight deadline on May 6. His Likud party formed a coalition with Jewish Home, United Torah Judaism, Kulanu, and Shas.
On May 28, 2015, Netanyahu announced that he would run for an unprecedented fifth term as prime minister in the upcoming general election and that he would support the current Likud process of selecting MK candidates.
In August 2015, the Netanyahu government approved a two-year budget that includes agricultural reforms and a reduction in import tariffs to lower food prices, deregulation of the building permit process to reduce housing costs and accelerate infrastructure development in the financial sector to strengthen competition and raise rates.
For the lowest financial services. In the end, the Government was forced to compromise by eliminating some key land reforms.
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Benjamin Netanyahu Criminal investigation and prosecution
Since January 2017, Netanyahu has been investigated and questioned by the Israeli police in two cases, Case 1000 and Case 2000. The two cases are related. In Case 1000, Netanyahu is suspected of having received undue favors from businessmen, including James Packer and Hollywood producer Arnon Milchan.
The 2000 case involves alleged attempts to sign an agreement with Yedioth Ahronot editor Arnon Mozes to promote legislation that weakens Yedioth’s main competitor, Israel Hayom, in exchange for cheaper coverage Netanyahu.
On August 3, 2017, Israeli police confirmed for the first time that Netanyahu was suspected of fraud, breach of trust and bribery in cases 1000 and 2000. The next day it was reported that former Prime Minister Ari Harow’s boss had signed a contract with prosecutors to testify against Netanyahu in these cases.
On February 28, 2019, the Israeli attorney general announced his intention to press charges against Netanyahu for bribery and fraud in three separate cases. Netanyahu was indicted on November 21, 2019. If Netanyahu is found guilty, he faces up to 10 years in prison for bribery and a maximum of three years for fraud and breach of trust.
He is the first sitting Prime Minister in Israel’s history to be charged with a crime. On November 23, 2019, it was announced that Netanyahu would abandon his agriculture, health, social and diaspora portfolios in accordance with the precedent set by Israel’s Supreme Court in 1993.
The question of forcing a prime minister to resign on charges remains it must be considered in court. He was formally charged on January 28, 2020.
Benjamin Netanyahu Fifth time as attempt of prime minister in Election time
On May 17, 2020, Netanyahu was sworn in for a fifth term as Prime Minister in a coalition with Benny Gantz. This happened after the political crisis in Israel in 2019-20.
In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel and the criminal case against Netanyahu, there were extensive demonstrations against him in front of the prime minister’s residence. Following this, Netanyahu ordered the demonstrations to be dispersed using the COVID-19 Special Provisions and restricted to 20 people within 1,000 meters of their homes.
However, the exact opposite was achieved; The demonstrations were expanded and distributed to more than 1,000 centers.
Benjamin Netanyahu Economic views
As Minister of Finance (2003-2005), Netanyahu introduced a major reform of the Israeli economy. He instituted a welfare program, led a privatization program, downsized the public sector, reformed and streamlined the tax system, and passed anti-trust and cartel laws to increase competition.
Netanyahu extended taxes on corporate capital gains to individuals, allowing him to broaden the tax base and reduce income taxes. As the Israeli economy began to flourish and unemployment fell sharply, commentators widely recognized Netanyahu as an economic miracle at the end of his term.
Direct investment in the Israeli economy had increased 380% annually. On the other hand, his critics have labelled his economic views as popular capitalism inspired by Margaret Thatcher.
Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Points of view against terrorism
Netanyahu has said that his hard line against all terrorists stems from the death of his brother. Yoni Netanyahu was killed while leading the hostage rescue mission in Operation Entebbe. Netanyahu warns that [t] the problem with active counterterrorism activities … is that they are a major intrusion into the lives of those under surveillance.
He believes there is a balance between civil liberties and security that should depend on the extent of ongoing terrorist attacks in a country. In times of sustained attacks, there must be a turn to security due to the monstrous violation of personal rights that is the victim of terrorist victims and their families.
However, this should be reviewed regularly, emphasizing respecting civil liberties and privacy whenever possible for security reasons.
The concern of civil liberties defenders about possible violations of the rights of innocent citizens is well founded, and any additional powers to grant security services should require an annual legislative renewal, in addition to judicial supervision of the actions taken on the ground.
He advised stricter immigration laws as an essential tool in the preventive fight against terrorism: this era of free immigration for all should be ended.
Benjamin Netanyahu Death penalty Period
In 2017, Netanyahu called for the death penalty to be imposed on the 2017 Halamish stabbing attack perpetrator. His government officials tabled a law that would allow the Knesset to use the death penalty for terrorism. In January 2018, 52 out of 120 members of the Israeli parliament voted in favor while 49 were against, making it easier for judges to impose the death penalty.
Support of Benjamin Netanyahu for LGBT rights
Netanyahu supports equal rights for LGBT citizens before the law, stating: The fight that every person is recognized as equal before the law is a long fight, and there is still a long way to go, that Israel is among the most open Countries of the world in relation to the discourse of the LGBT community.
To say one thing to the male and female members of the LGBT community: we need to be led. by believing that every human being is made in God’s image. In his coalition government, however, many party members of his coalition government were against same-sex marriage.
Benjamin Netanyahu Peace process
Netanyahu was against the Oslo Accords from the start. In 1993 he dedicated a chapter to his book Ein Platz unter den Völker, entitled A Trojan Horse, to argue against the Oslo peace process.
He claimed that Amin al-Husseini was one of the thought leaders of the Holocaust and that Yasser Arafat was the heir to alleged exterminationism.
During his tenure as prime minister in the late 1990s, Netanyahu consistently renounced commitments made by previous Israeli governments under the Oslo peace process and led American peace ambassador Dennis Ross to state that neither President Clinton nor Secretary of State Madeleine] Albright believed that Bibi had a real interest in seeking peace.
At the opening of his weekly cabinet meeting on August 9, 2009, Netanyahu promised not to repeat the mistake of unilateral withdrawal from Gaza.
On the contrary, and that We want an agreement with two factors, the first of which is the recognition of Israel as the national state of the Jewish people and [the second is] a security settlement.
Former United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has said that on May 22, 2017, Netanyahu showed Donald Trump a fake and altered video of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas calling for the killing of children.
This was at a time when Trump was considering if Israel was the obstacle to peace. Netanyahu had shown Trump the fake video to change his position in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
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